A collection of Hudson River & New England Brick with a brief history of the yards and towns where they were made.

WEBMASTER NOTE: This is in no way meant to be an authoritative resource for the identity of brick brands. Rather, these are our "best guesses" from perusing city directories, conducting comparative analysis, going on field trips with brick "gurus" Fred Rieck and Andy Van Der Poel and researching material in publications and on the Internet. Much credit is due Jim Graves of the I.B.C.A for his exhaustive work on "Brick Brands of the United States." Other sources consulted are noted in various section of the web site.

Another resource for identifying Hudson River bricks is a listing prepared by collector Andy Van Der Poel. Andy has a much larger Hudson River collection than I and has wonderfully researched and documented each brick. SEE SOME OF ANDY'S COLLECTION & DOWNLOAD HIS COMPLETE LIST HERE.


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Aldridge Brick Company


Thomas Aldridge
Dutchess Junction, NY (1899, 1905) 10 machines
(found at the brickyard site)

From Fred Rieck: "The "A.E.A." brickmark "ties" into Aaron E. Aldridge, a brick manufacturer located in Dutchess Junction. A.E.A. is listed in city directories as early as 1887. I can't tell you just when the A.E.A. marked brick actually came into production. A later, 1896 directory entry lists Aaron as being affiliated with Aldridge Brothers (a/k/a Aldridge Brothers & Company), also brick manufacturers - the brother likely being George L. Aldridge. Aldridge Bros. Co. is listed as early as 1890

Bricks marked A.B.C (the letter C having a unique segmented form), have been found comingled with ALDRIDGE scrap. There are several manufacturers that marked their brick with "A B C" making it difficult to ID them with out seeing the them."


"Daniel Aldridge resided in Mudhole, NY (which is now known as Roseton, NY). Daniel is thought to have moved to Newburgh, NY, sometime between 1810 and 1817, due to the fact that his wife was from there. One of his sons was Thomas Aldridge born in 1818 and died August, 1892. Thomas bought a farm near Fishkill Landing, NY in the fall of 1853 which later became the 'ABC' (Aldridge Brothers & Company) Brickyard in Dutchess Junction, NY." (SOURCE: Steven Blair Aldridge Family Home Page)

Thomas' son Aaron Ennis Aldridge was born on January 19, 1851 in Balmville, near Newburgh, NY. He worked with his father at the Dutchess Junction brickyard and when his father moved to Chelsea, Aaron took over. He became one of the leading figures in the brick industry, was president of the Thomas Aldridge Brick and Land Company and also served as vice-president of the Greater New York Brick Company. He was prominent as a manufacturer and still more so as a selling agent in New York City where he had offices in the Times Square Building. From there he handled the output of many yards along the river. He was recognized throughout the country as an authority on brick making and the brick market. He died in 1925 in Beacon, NY. (SOURCE: Sullivan, James, History of New York State, 1523-1927, [Vol. 6] 1873-1931.)


From Sloops of The Hudson, by: William E. Verplanck and Moses W. Collyer, G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York & London, 1908:
"Among the sloops of Fishkill on Newburgh bay were the Commodore Jones, and the New Jersey, which were owned by the late Thomas Aldridge, who had extensive brickyards at Dutchess Junction."


ALDRIDGE bricks have been found at the Castle on Bannerman's Island. We found some great photos here, here and here.



Otis Allen & George H. Terwilliger

A & T
Poughkeepsie, NY
(found in landfill along Rte 9W, Milton, NY)

From Fred Rieck: In a 1929 Poughkeepsie city directory, George H. Terwilliger is listed as Sup't. and Otis A. Allen as Treasurer of the newly formed Poughkeepsie Brick Corp (PB CORP), located on Van Wagner Road nr. NYNH & HRR in Arlington. Poughkeepsie Brick Corp. is about the last yard to operate on "Brickyard Hill." The directory lists the principals as Walter J. Travis (pres); W.N. Wetterau (V. P.) and John B.Vanderwater (Sec'y). J.B. Vandewater is also listed as an "Attorney-at-Law,"

More information on
Poughkeepsie brickmaking.

Brewster J. Allison & Co.

B J A & Co
Grassy Point, (Haverstraw) NY (1876) 6 machines
(found in Haverstraw Bay by Amanda Bayley)

In 1883, Brewster J. Allison owned a brickyard in Haverstraw and produced 9,000,000 brick with 6 machines, employing 80 men. He leased the land from George S. Allison.(History of Rockland County, J.B. Beers & Co., 1884)

On Jan 17, 1903 a brick census (inventory) was taken and Brewster J. Allison & Co. had 65 Arches with 2,800,000 brick on hand. (Rockland County Messenger, Jan 22, 1903)


From The History of New York State, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, Inc., 1927, Biographies, Part 6:

Brewster J. Allison was born July 5, 1821. He attended the Stony Point District School and the Peekskill Military Academy, where he took up the study of surveying. After graduating from Peekskill Academy, for the first few years he engaged solely in engineering, but later became interested in farming and the manufacture of brick, and owned extensive property interests in the town of Stony Point. There were no incorporated villages in the town, but there were, however, several centers of population, called variously villages, "corners" or hamlets. Largest of these was Stony Point, which lies close to the southern boundary of the town. The large Allison homestead, built in 1821, is now occupied by Mr. Allison's son, Ralph D. Allison. Perhaps the oldest house in this village, known for many decades as the Alexander Waldron place, is owned and occupied by Mr. Allison's daughter, Mrs. Frances Bontecou. The construction of this home antedates the Revolution, and the house, like the town, figured in the history of that war. About 1850, twenty years before the place then known as Florus Falls became the village of Stony Point, one Theodore Smith caused his farm to be surveyed in village lots and blocks, and called it the village of Brewsterville, after his wife's family name. So is the name Brewster perpetuated; and the name Tomkins, likewise, in Tomkins Cove.

Brewster J. Allison was one of the outstanding men of his time in county and town. He held many town offices, served on State committees on roads and bridges and towns and villages, was a member of the town school board, town superintendent of schools from 1848 to 1853, and was member of the Legislature, in 1850. Brewster J. Allison was a communicant of the Presbyterian Church, and for a long period as elder. He was a generous, talented, friendly man, beloved of his associates in business and society; and his loss was widely and sincerely regretted.

American Brick Co.

Origin unsure:
There was an American Brick Co. incorporated in Manhattan, NY in 1920.
We found a stock certificate dated 1928 for American Brick Co. in Massachusetts.
In "Brick Manufacturers of the United States" Jim Graves lists an American Brick Co. in Croton Point, NY (no dates given) and in Scranton, PA from 1923 to 1922.

(found by Jason in The Bronx, NY)

Anchor Brick Co.

Croton Landing, NY (1888 - 1895)

The "anchor" logo design was registered by Schuyler Hamilton.

(Thanks to Michael Anzalone for the first photo.)

Brandreth Pill Factory
The former Brandreth Pill Factory in Ossining, NY built in 1872.
Hudson Valley historian and author Rob Yasinsac tells us a rear addition, a storage building constructed between 1886 and 1891, was built with ANCHOR brick. The factory was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as one of Westchester County’s most significant industrial buildings. Sadly it was demolished in March of 2016. Read more on Rob's wonderful website HUDSON VALLEY RUINS

Arrow Brick Co.

Danskammer Point, NY

In 1905 this brickyard was operated by David Maitland Armstrong. In its first year, it produced 5 million brick.


In conjunction with our sister-site we have completed a new webpage:


Here you will find a compilation of our research on the brickyards in this area (ROSE, JOVA and ARROW).

Atlas Brick Co.

Hudson, NY (1905)
(found at the brickyard site)

Special to The New York Times.
September 4, 1910, Sunday
HUDSON, N.Y., Sept 3. -- Springing out of the woods which border the private road leading into the Atlas Brick Company's works, two miles south of Hudson, masked highwaymen to-day shot and mortally wounded Denton Fowler, 3d, killed George Ragsdale, the driver of the buggy in which Fowler was riding, and escaped with a satchel containing $5,000, intended for paying off the employes of the works.

To read the full article, Click Here.


From the 1910-1911 Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University:

"DENTON FOWLER, son of Everett Fowler, a brick manufacturer and bank president of Haverstraw, N Y , was born in that place July 28, 1885. His mother was Anna (Dennison) Fowler. He was prepared for college in the Lawrenceville (N J ) Schools. He was a member of the class of 1908 during Freshman year, but joined 1909 at the beginning of Sophomore year. He was a member of the University Glee Club, and of the Class Day committee at graduation. After finishing his college course he entered the employ of the Atlas Brick Co, of Hudson, N Y, of which his father was an officer, and later was appointed paymaster. As he was driving through the woods two miles south of Hudson, carrying a large sum of money to pay the employees of the company, Mr Fowler was attacked and shot by five highwaymen, others acting as signal men, and died two hours later at the Hudson Hospital, September 3,. 1910. He was 25 years of age and unmarried. He was a member of the Central Presbyterian Church of Haverstraw."

Brophy & Brother


Ulster Landing, NY

Bartlett Brick Co.


Bartlett Bros.

Hudson, NY
found at the brickyard site (along with ATLAS and *DK*)

Fred Rieck writes:

The Bartlett Brothers are Fred W. Bartlett and George C. Bartlett. ... listed in the Hudson City Directory from 1897 to about 1909. Atlas Brick Co. debuted in 1910. Bartlett Bros. is no longer listed that year (1910). During their tenure, B B had two varieties of B B (the second being B B with serif letters). They also made a reverse lettered BARTLETT and a "correctly" written BARTLETT. I have only seen two of the reverse lettered ones.

BelleIsle Brick Works
Beacon Brick Works


BelleIsle Brick Works
Joseph Belle Isle
Brockway NY 5 machines
Beacon Brick Works
Fishkill Landing, NY (1890)
For more information (and speculation)
Click Here.

Edward D. Bellefuille


George's Island, (Montrose) NY
(this was a hard one to ID -
- thanks to Fred Rieck for this one!)

Here is an 1891 map of the Montrose/Verplanck/Crugers area by F. W. Biers showing Bellefuille's 65 acre parcel and his Brick Yards. The site is now George's Island Park. Here's a photo. In our research, we have come upon alternate spellings of the name: Bellefeulle and Bellefeuille.

Visit Our Verplanck/Montrose/Georges's Island Page.

Berlin Brick Company

B B Co
Berlin, CT

(found in Newtown, CT by Nancy Nouss-Brown)

Berlin Brick display
Display at the Berlin Historical Society Museum,
305 Main St., Berlin, CT

From a museum brochure: "The museum houses a brick display with bricks, brick molds, signs and terra cotta pieces from Berlin’s many brick manufacturers. Berlin was prominent in the brick market even as late as the 1960’s."

In 1842, Cornelius P. Dunham established the first brickyard in Berlin, CT. Because the clay in Berlin was so perfect for brick making, the business continued for a little over 120 years. Berlin was known throughout the northeast for brick making. The salary for an average worker was 1-2 dollars every 10 hours. Over 90,000 bricks were produced each day with as many as 90 men and women working together. In 1910, Berlin had about 11 brickyards, and yearly produced about 102,500,000 bricks.

The Great Depression ended the building construction. The last brickyard to close was a flower pot company which didn't last too long. The electric shovel arm is still visible in an old clay pit on Route 72. The hole was bought by John Carbo who had a company on Christian Lane. John Carbo didn't make enough money for electricity for the electric shovel so it was never used and abandoned. Clay has made a long way in the town of Berlin, but it had to end sometime, but overall it was very successful.


Other brickyards that were in Berlin, CT include:
Donnelly (DON.BCo), Charles P. Merwin (MERWIN) and Stiles & Reynolds (S & R).

Joe Bleau


Mechanicville, NY
Troy, NY

My Life in the Brickyard By Maurice Nadeau, as told to his daughter, Anne Marie Nadeau

I was born in the Eastern Township of St. Christine, Quebec on September 8, 1908. I grew up on a farm with cows, horses, pigs, chickens and a few ducks and went to school in a one-room schoolhouse until the fifth grade. On August 26, 1926, I left from Windsor Station in Montreal to come to the United States. I took the milk train at 10:30AM and arrived in Troy at 5:30PM. I could speak no English. My brother, who was living in Watervliet, met me at the station. My uncle owned the Bleau Brick Co. in Watervliet and I started working there on Monday. My first job was to feed the horses and drive them to bring clay to the granulator. Because this brickyard had what was known as an “open yard”, it operated only in the late spring, summer, and early autumn. When the brickyard shut down for the winter, I went to work on Riberdy’s farm in Waterford. I milked cows, cleaned the barn, put corn in the silo, plowed land for the following spring, and chopped wood up on Shaker Road.

I was back at the brickyard in the spring of 1927 driving horses to and from the granulator, earning $24 a week. That was “big money” then because I was making nothing back in Canada. I learned how to operate both a gas-powered shovel and a steam shovel. When the brickyard closed for the winter, my cousin offered me a job. I went to Berlin (east of Troy) and hauled logs out of the woods for $1 a cord. Sometime the snow was up to my butt, but I was young! After hauling the logs to the road, they were picked up by a truck and taken to the brickyard in Watervliet. Back then, wood was used to burn the kiln to fire the brick.

In the spring of 1928, I was put to work as a “mold pusher”. A machine pushed through 19 molds a minute. Each mold contained 6 raw bricks and in a 7 hour shift, we made 43,000 bricks. The green bricks were put on drying racks before being fired. I hated this job, so I left the brickyard and went back to Canada for a visit. When I returned, I went to work at what was know as the “poor house” (National Automotive Fibers) in Waterford; we tore apart old mattresses to make some type of insulation for automobiles. I worked there one winter and got laid off. In order to survive, a friend and I went to Massachusetts and found jobs in a lumber camp, chopping wood to make railroad ties. By now, it was the Depression, so I spent the next few years doing some work at the brickyard and chopping wood in the winter.

I got married in 1934 and that first winter was very difficult. I was chopping wood in Cohoes, but that didn’t bring in very much. My wife was earning $3 a week taking care of an elderly woman. By 1935, we were living on Main St. in Cohoes. I received word that my cousin wanted me back at the brickyard. I didn’t have the money to take the trolley so for my first week I walked to and from Watervliet until I got paid. I then took the trolley until I had enough money to pay for the registration on my light blue 1933 Willys. I had saved a $20 bill all winter long in case one of us got sick. I still had the $20 bill.

Now I was operating the steam shovel, which I liked very much. There was a medallion inside the cab as proof that I had passed the “steam test”. Unfortunately, I fell off the shovel and spent the rest of the summer in the hospital. In the fall, we moved to N. Erie Street. We were expecting our first child. In the spring of 1936, Mr. Bleau asked me to come back to the brickyard and drive the BIG TRUCK! I was so thankful to have a full-time job. I delivered brick everywhere – Schenectady, Gloversville, Amsterdam, North Adams, Lenox, Lee. Jack Gaudette and Billy Nadeau drove the smaller trucks for local deliveries. Later, Mr. Bleau brought the former Troy Brick in North Troy on Oil Mill Hill. That brickyard could operate all year long.

During World War II, I worked night and day, some weeks 100 hours due to the manpower shortage. Most of the men who worked in the brickyard had been drafted: Billy Nadeau, Jack, Joe, Franklin Gaudette, Mickey, Guy, Oscar Gilbert, Richard, Wilfred and Lawrence Bleau. The only ones left were Gene and Joe St. Pierre and a few men from Mechanicville.

Bleau Brick could not make brick fast enough to meet the demand so we bought from a supplier in East Kingston. I would leave my home at 5AM to get to East Kingston. There, a crane operator would load the truck with 7,000 bricks. Then I drove to the Schenectady GE, dropped off that load and, by noon, was back in East Kingston for a second load. When I wasn’t hauling brick to Schenectady, I was making trips to Pittsfield or Gloversville. Travel was on Routes 9, 7, or 20, the main roads of the day. After my regular workday, I would spend a few hours repairing machinery. I would get home about 4PM, eat supper, rest and go back at 6PM to tend the kiln with Joe Leclair. At midnight, Joe St. Pierre and Joe Ten Eyck took over tending the kiln, which burned 24 hours a day for 5 to 6 days.

Some Sundays I went to 6AM Mass, then to the brickyard and loaded a railroad boxcar. By noon, the boxcar was loaded with 32,000 bricks. The load had to be spread the length of the boxcar, the weight balanced evenly over the wheels of the car so it wouldn’t sag in the middle. I would toss 6 bricks at a time to Joe St.Pierre, who would then toss them to a man with a wheelbarrow who would unload his bricks into the boxcar. An unfired brick weighs 8 pounds but after being fired it weighs 6 pounds. So when I was tossing bricks, I was handling 36 pounds each time. I had muscles back then!

When the veterans returned from service, we could make 43,000 bricks a day. I worked for Bleau Brick for almost 26 years. In 1952, I bought my own truck and became a tractor-trailer driver between Boston and Chicago.


Brigham Brick Co.


Henry R. Brigham
East Kingston, NY
(1922 - 1957) (9 machines in 1910)
(found in Riverdale, NY and at the brickyard site)

Brigham Brothers

Henry R. and William H.
East Kingston, NY
(1888 - 1910)

For our special BRIGHAM Page with a brief history and pix of the site Click Here

Brockway Brick Co.


Brockway (Fishkill Landing), NY (1899)
(Fishkill Landing was a village in the Town of Fishkill until 1914 when it was incorporated into the City of Beacon.)

In 1883, Edwin Brockway owned a brickyard in Haverstraw and produced 5,500,000 brick with 3 machines, employing 50 men. He leased the land from Washburn, Worall & Palmer.(History of Rockland County, J.B. Beers & Co., 1884)


A note from Shirley Burris: "The Brockway Brick Company was founded by Edwin Brockway, my great, great grandfather, who bought the property and moved his family from Haverstraw. Following his death, his children, Charles LaRue Brockway, Frank, Fannie and I think there was another, inherited the property. My Grandmother, Esther Lydia Brockway Lewis and her siblings were born in the "big house" on the property."

For a great web page on the Brockway Brick Yard, Click here.

Patrick Brophy

from the Andy Van Der Poel Collection
Grassy Point (Haverstraw), NY
(1888 - 1903)

Photo courtesy Haverstraw Brick Museum

W.D. Budd Brick Co.


Dutchess Junction, NY
(1888 - 1910)
(found in Cold Spring, NY)

Cary Brick Company

In "Brick Brands of the United States" Jim Graves lists The Cary Brick Co. with yards in Newtown Hook, Cohoes and Albany, NY. He states that the CARY brick with the CBMA symbol (as pictured above) came from the Albany yard.
(CBMA= "Common Brick Manufacturers Association.")


Article on the CARY Brickyard at Newton Hook


A Modern Brick Plant on the Hudson.

(From The Brick and Clay Record,Vol. XVIII, JANUARY 1, 1903)

With the assistance of Dame Nature keen enterprise and 20th century appliances have contributed toward making the plant of the Cary Brick Co. at Newton Hook, N. Y., ideal in every respect. This newcomer in the brick colony is conceded to be one of the finest brickmaking establishments on the picturesque Hudson, famed as the head-center of the industry in this quarter of the globe. All that goes to make a location desirable is found at Newton Hook in great liberality--pure sand in illimitable quantity, hills of clay that literally can never be exhausted and a small mountain of the best shale that the state of New York can boast. In addition to these admirable resources are the unequalled means of transportation afforded by the New York Central railroad on the one hand and the waterway of the world on the other. Of equal importance with location are the up-to-date labor-saving devices that have been incorporated in the new plant.

Newton Hook was formerly Coxsackie Station, but the name was changed recently, partly because it was too frequently confused with the town of Coxsackie on the west shore of the river, and partly because the topography makes it appropriate, for a hook-shaped peninsula juts into the river at that point. The Cary property is several hundred feet south of the railroad station at one of the most commanding points of the eastern shore. Back of the buildings that comprise the plant rise a series of hills, each a mine of wealth from the viewpoint of the brickmaker, and the company owns 264 acres of these convolutions extending back from the river. The present buildings comprise two driers, each 53 x 160 ft., and a connecting structure, 50 x 80 ft., that houses the machinery, boilers and engine. From the midst of the group the stack rises to a height of 90 ft. This has a 4-ft. flue. The buildings lie between the railroad and the river, and, the shore being very marshy, it was necessary to fill in for quite a distance. The top layer of the sand hill was used for the purpose. To further insure solidarity, piles were driven for the foundations to rest upon. An 800-ft. sea wall was constructed, affording commodious wharfage, and the dock facilities were increased by dredging, giving a water depth of at least 10 ft. Work is well under way upon a kiln shed that will extend the entire length of the water front. Not only do the tracks of the New York Central pass the property, but the railroad is building two spurs to intersect it front and rear. When all is done the Cary company will have unexcelled facilities for shipping its product to every point, by river, canal and rail.


View from river showing sand, shale and clay clay banks in rear with the dock kilns,
kiln shed just being built, and discharge end of drier in foreground.
Trestle over tracks shown at right.

The clay deposits are within 800 ft. of the plant. That being taken out at present is from the south side of the first clay hill, the shale and sand dunes being slightly nearer the river. The clay is sandy, of the right consistency, and has one of the prime requisites in burning a very nice red, an esthetic shade, almost. In boring to test the hills it was found that for about 30 ft. the clay is yellow and below, for more than 60 feet, it is blue. The shale is not being mined at present, but the company has its use in anticipation. There is a large hill out of which shale crops all over. The clay bank is 125 or more feet above the river level and the location makes it an exceedingly simple matter to get the material to the mill. It is loaded into Koppel dump cars that roll down grade over 800 ft. of track to the building. A workman rides on each car to regulate its speed. In order to cross the railroad a steel trestle was constructed, beginning near the base of the hill, that portion of the trestle that bridges the tracks being built by the railroad company. The trestle terminates on the roof of the plant directly over the brick machines, thus saving considerable handling of the clay and doing away with more or less machinery. The clay is run through a Wiles granulator and a Potts disintegrator, from whence it enters a Wiles horizontal pug mill. Water is never used in the pug mill, except in the very dry season, and sand is used as grog. The clay is molded in a soft-mud condition in the machine referred to, manufactured by the A. M. & W. H. Wiles Co., of Grassy Point, N. Y. There are two of these machines in the Cary plant, each with a daily capacity of 43,000, and they discharge the output as rapidly as the machine tenders can comfortably care for it.

Only one shape of common brick is made and it takes 15 men to get the clay and sand from the banks and get the brick turned out by one machine ready to go into the drier. The bricks are not handled before drying, thus insuring smoother finish and better corners than are obtainable by old-fashioned methods.

There are 320 drier cars employed, Atlas and Cleveland Car Co. makes, and eight Standard Dry Kiln Co. transfers are required to run them to the various parts of the plant. There are two "Standard" driers made by the Standard Dry Kiln Co.; these are built of brick, 10 car tracks to each, and each of 43.000 capacity. They are heated by steam generated in two Franklin water-tube boilers of 204 h.p. each. Each drier contains 22,000 ft. of straight 1-in. pipe, to say nothing of bends and other connections, making about 10 miles of pipe in the two driers. The steam pipes are run nine abreast lengthwise between the car tracks and as many more, like the rails of a fence, extend horizontally between the sections to a height of 4 ft. The condensed steam is returned to the boilers before it has a chance to cool appreciably and in sufficient quantity, so that frequently there is no need to feed water to the boiler during the night. The moisture is carried up the flues as quickly as it makes its presence known. It takes about 36 hours to dry the bricks uniformly and thoroughly. By handling the entire product indoors, it is possible to run the plant in winter as well as summer, and, as a matter of fact, the Cary plant is the only one on the river that is working at this time, the others having shut down at the advent of frost. For burning the brick the company finds the old style clamp, or scove, kilns preferable.

The engine used in this plant is a 200-h.p. Knowlson & Kelly corliss, 18 x 36 in., and power is transmitted by Leviathan belts. Usually from 80 to 100 lb. steam pressure is maintained, although at times it runs up to 125 lb.

The Newton Hook plant was established May 1, 1902, but the Cary Brick Co. was incorporated under New York laws in April, 1901, with a capital of $100,000. the officers are: president, W. N. Cary; vice-president, George Rogers; secretary, W. R. Palmer; treasurer, William L. Howland. Mr. Howland is president of the Manufacturers' National Bank, Mechanicsville, N .Y.

Ninety men will be employed at the Newton Hook plant upon its completion. About half that number are at work now. The company has the "pick" of help, owing to the fact that the plant is operated during the entire year, and also to the sheltered conditions under which the work is performed. Mr. Cary was the first brickmaker in northern New York to attempt to run throughout the winter season, and he succeeded, although everybody predicted failure. He invented what is known as "brickmakers' housing," an ingenious combination of movable roof and walls to protect clay banks in cold weather. He has made brick with the mercury down to 30° below zero. The company's office is at present in an old stone house which dates back to 1762 and is also used as a residence by the superintendent. An office building is being erected. There are also on the premises a boarding house for the help and a large stable. The buildings are painted red with white trimmings and viewed from any point but especially from across the river present a most thrifty and attractive appearance. The Cary Brick Co operates another large plant in Cohoes NY which was established in 1895. It is the only brick yard in Cohoes and is managed by President Cary's brother E. D. Cary. The Cohoes property embraces 60 acres, mostly hills of yellow clay, adjacent to the Erie canal. The New York Central has extended a siding into the brick sheds. Beside a Standard steam drier and two Wiles brick machines there is a large pallet yard. Several dwellings on the property are a source of revenue. Ninety men are employed during the season. The total capacity of the Cary plants is 40,000,000 bricks per annum or 16,000,000 at the Cohoes works and 24,000.000 at Newton Hook.


From "The History of New York State Biographies," Part 21, Editor, Dr. James Sullivan ,Online Edition by Holice, Deb & Pam:
William L. Howland was born in Mechanicsville, November 28, 1864.... Mr. Howland is treasurer of the Cary Brick Company, and has been its general manger since 1924; is president of the Mechanicsville Associates; president of the Mechanicsville Improvement Company; president of the Half-Moon Light, Heat & Power Company; vice-president of the Brick Homes Company of New York City; director of the Mechanicsville Co-operative Savings & Loan Association; and a director of the Common Brick Manufacturers' Association of America.

Champlain Brick Company

Mechanicville, NY

Found along with LENOX in the remains of the Boyce Thompson Institute,
and at Alder Manor, both in Yonkers, NY
NOTE: Since it was found next to a LENOX which was made in Cliffwood, NJ, this may instead be a brick made by the Cliffwood Brick Co.
Read more in the Aberdeen NJ Life Blog.

Dr. Paul Loatman, Jr., City Historian of Mechanicville, NY wrote:
"Today, there are few vestiges of this once flourishing industry other than one of the original yards of the Champlain Brick Co. opened in 1897, and a water pipe connecting the city water mains with the old Ferris-Duffney yards dating back to the beginning of this century." (SOURCE:Yellow Brick Road)

From The Mechanicville and Stillwater Directory, 1911:
Duffney Brick Co., New Road to Stillwater,
William H. Duffney, Mgr.
William H. Duffney, Jr., Supt.
Miles J. Duffney, Supt., Champlain Brick Co.

From the New York Times Obituaries and News Articles Index, February 10, 1929:
GRIFFIN, Alderman Died on Feb. 8, 1929, Age 70, Albany, N. Y. Lawyer, and president of Champlain Brick Co., of Mechanicville.

Article on Mechanicville Brick Industry

Christie & McCabe

Haverstraw, NY
(1883 - 1889)

In 1883, Christie & McCabe owned a brickyard in Haverstraw and produced 8,000,000 brick with 4 machines, employing 50 men. They leased the land from Daniel De Noyelles & Co.(History of Rockland County, J.B. Beers & Co., 1884)



(with CBMA--Common Brick Manufacturers Association--symbols)
(found in Provincetown on Cape Cod, MA)

(note the crenulated lettering)
Bridgewater and State Farm, MA

found in Cataumet (Cape Cod), MA by Tom Kingman, Pocasset MA

Tom writes:
The Cook brick was found in October, 2008 in the demolition pile of a chimney of an old seasonal home built between 1878 and 1932. Both W. Barnstable and Cook brick were used in the chimney with fireplaces on both first and second floors. The second floor bricks were W. Barnstable brick and joined with a fine red cement while the first floor brick were Cook brick joined with a white cement. Both cements were exceptionally weak and just turned to powder. The majority of white cemented brick were not embossed or stamped with the Cook name. A good guess would be that there was one Cook embossed brick for every 100 non-embossed white cemented bricks. This is about the same frequency as embossed to non-embossed W. Barnstable red-cemented ones.

(from an ad in "The Bridgewater Book," 1899)
The small print:
"Member of Master Builders' Exchange, 166 Devonshire Street, Boston.
Office and Works : Five minutes' walk south of Titicut Station. Post-office : State Farm, Mass."


From a listing of brick mfgr's for MA:
C.B. Cook - Adams, MA
C.B. Cook - North Adams, MA 1879
E.L. Cook - State Farm, MA 1895 - 1908
E.L. Cook - Bridgwater, MA 1909 - 1917
E.L. Cook - State Farm, MA 1920 - 1932
(SOURCE: Jim Graves)


A Brief History of Brickmaking in Bridgewater, MA:

"Joseph Loucraft and his son Joseph-Michael, ran a brick manufacturers in East Bridgewater, Massachusetts. East Bridgewater is primarily a residential community centrally located in Plymouth County 14 miles northeast of Taunton, 22 miles northwest of Plymouth, 25 miles southeast of Boston, and 207 miles from New York City.

First settled in 1630 as an outgrowth of the Plimoth and Duxbury plantation, the Town of East Bridgewater was an early industrial inland town located on the northern portion of the Taunton River system. Its early economy was based on agriculture but the community did have both grist and sawmills, iron forges and tanneries. The late 19th and early 20th century saw residential development along the trolley lines in the community.The Loucraft brickyard covered the area known in the 1600’s as the Devil’s Hop Yard, where early settlers had their homes. Joseph and his son razed about 10-12 feet of the area to extract clay for bricks. And they ran a boarding house, too, for lots of their Canadian labourers."


Bridgewater Brickyard Burned
The NY Times, July 2, 1898


Brick production was Bridgewater's most prominent industry, and still is to this day. Established in 1886 and now with over 100 years of experience, the Stiles and Hart Brick Company remains the only brick manufacturer in Massachusetts.

The Stiles and Hart Conservation Area has the remains of the original brick factory as well as many piles of bricks scattered throughout the property. This 75-acre site was an agricultural fairground with a grand exhibition hall from c1820- 1875. In 1895, a local teacher, Mr. William Basset, Sr., purchased the land and founded the Bridgewater Brick Company. The company mined clay and produced bricks on the site. In 1913, Stiles & Hart Brick Company purchased the operation. Due damage to buildings in the hurricane of 1938, brick production ceased, but clay mining continued until after World War II. The site has been recommended as a National Register District by the Massachusetts Historical Commission.

The Cook Brick Company was located at the end of Cook Street (#127) in the south end of town. Today it is run by the Stiles and Heart Brick Company and is the last operational brick company in Massachusetts. It is interesting to note that Stiles & Hart purchased the machinery of the defunct West Barnstable Brick Co on Cape Cod.

History of the Stiles and Hart Brick Company

Stiles and Hart in Our Collection

The Whelden Library Bridgewater
The Natural Resources Trust of Bridgewater
Lucraft and Luckraft One-name Study: A Quebecois Family

Dempsey Brick Co.

Dempsey D (crescent)
Crescent, NY

Crescent is a hamlet in the town of Halfmoon, New York, north of Albany. It lies on the north bank of the Mohawk River in Saratoga County. Crescent became the focus of economic development in the 1840's and 1850's, for it was here that the Erie Canal was carried over the Mohawk River via the Crescent Aqueduct. Supply stores serving canal operations were commonplace. William K. Mansfield, an early settler in Crescent, owned and operated a brickyard, using the canal to ship bricks to New York City. Soon there were other brickyards in Crescent during the late 19th and early 20th centuries including the Dempsey-Gabriels Brick Co. and A.C. Newton.

Dennings Point Brick Co.
Dennings Point Brick Works


(found by Bill in St. James, NY)

Fishkill (Dennings Point), NY
(1888 - 1929) (first registered as McLean & Co.)
(found at the brickyard site)

Homer Ramsdell, 10 machines in 1906

From the History of Beacon, Dutchess County, New York:

1880: workmen discovered immense deposits of clay at Denning’s Point. Newburgh's Homer Ramsdell bought the Point for the site of his new brickyard, thereby taking advantage of the clay deposits and the plentiful sand.

1890: Emily Denning Van Rensselaer’s daughter Emily left the Denning mansion. Brick workers’ families moved into the mansion.

1920s: the Denning mansion was in ruins, but the brickyards were in their heyday under the management of David Strickland.

1939: the Denning’s Point Brick Works pulled out of their original home and moved a few miles north to Brockway to find new sources of clay.

Today, one can still find bricks with "DPBW" (Denning’s Point Brick Works) imprinted on them.

Robert J. Murphy and Denise Doring Van Buren. 2003. Images of America: Beacon Revisited. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Press..)

For our special DENNINGS POINT Page Click Here

DeNoyelles Brick Company

Haverstraw, NY
(1870 - 1929) (13 machines in 1906)
(found in Teaneck, NJ, and Haverstraw, NY)

Dan deNoyelles with a brick mold (from his book Within These Gates)

Within These Gates written by Daniel deNoyelles details the history of brickmaking and the Hudson Valley brick industry. (Reprinted with permission of the DeNoyelles family for the benefit of the Haverstraw Brick Museum.)

Feature Page on Haverstraw, NY

Thomas Dinan

Fishkill/Ulster Landing, NY
(1886 - 1900)

(found in Spuyten Duyvil Shoreline Park, Bronx, NY)

Donnelly Brick Co.

(found in Peekskill, Brewster and Patterson, NY)

Berlin, CT
(1898 - 1963)
New Britain, CT
(1898 - 1956)
New Britain Road,
Kensington, CT


From RootsWeb: CoTyroneIreland-L Archives

"Michael Henry Donnelly was born 1846. Came to the USA in 1866. He was a successful businessman who had a blacksmith shop and later founded the Donnelly Brick Company. This company thrived until the 1960's."


From Bureau of Mines/Minerals Yearbook Area Reports 1952: THE MINERAL INDUSTRY OF CONNECTICUT, HARTFORD COUNTY

"Donnelly Brick Co., biggest clay producer in the county, worked its clay open pit near Kensington during the year."


From STEAM JULY, 1921:

"The Donnelly Brick Co., New Britain, Conn., plans the rebuilding of its. plant, destroyed by fire. The work will include a new machine department, dryer department, tunnel kiln building and other structures. Erection will be commenced soon."

Drury Brick Co.

(raised letters in frog with CBMA symbol, photo courtesy of website visitor, Earl)
(raised letters in frog, courtesy of Shelburne Farms, VT)
(lowered letters in frog, courtesy of Shelburne Farms, VT)

Essex Junction, VT
Jacob Knowlton Drury (1858)
(rechartered) (1867 - 1872)
Jacob K. Drury and Son (1872 - 1889)
Drury Brick and Tile Co. (1925 - 1926)
Drury Brick Co. (1938 - 1962)
Densmore Brick Co. - Drury Plant (1964 - 1972)

Brick making was an important business in Essex Junction from the 1790s on. In 1867 Jacob Drury founded the Drury Brick Company. It made bricks for buildings throughout the state. Many of the bricks on the UVM campus, Fleming Museum, Waterman Building, Ira Allen Chapel, and the Bailey-Howe Library were made there. During its operation it produced 500 million bricks.


How much is DRURY brick worth?


The Drury brick house in Essex Junction, rebuilt in the 1860s, still stands on Main St.
Other fun facts about Essex Junction


James Drury writes:
I just found your site and noticed several comments on Drury Bricks. There are several versions of lettering used in the Drury brick that seem to correspond to the dates when the brickyard was expanded. The first bricks were "water struck" - the molds were wet so that the bricks would easily slide out. Water struck brick have a very irregular shape and different texture. Later bricks were manufactured with "sand molds." In both cases, the molds were wooden but in this case the molds were dusted with fine sand before the clay was pressed in.

I'm still a little sketchy on this part, but I think the first lettering appeared on water struck bricks when a metal stamp was included in the top (or bottom) of the brick form. I have what appears to be a water struck brick with this stamped style lettering. I also have sand molded bricks with this style, making this the transitional lettering style between the two manufacturing processes. I have one of these metal stamps but I'm only assuming this was used in the late 1880s to about 1910. I'm not exactly sure when the manufacturing process changed.

Later bricks used a carved wooden DRURY that filled with clay to produce the raised letters. There are two versions of this lettering. The first incorporated the CBMA symbol after DRURY and I think was used between 1910 and 1920 but my dates may be off. While I have a sign dated 1917 that shows a brick with this symbol I do not have any of these wooden letter forms. The second version was used up until 1963 and did not incorporate the CBMA symbol. I have several of these wooden blocks.

I'm still working on putting all this information together so please excuse the inaccuracies.

James' Blog: "Brick by Brick"


The Inn at Shelburne Farms
DRURY brick were used in the construction and restoration of The Inn at Shelburne Farms

In 1886, Dr. William Seward and Lila Vanderbilt Webb began acquiring farmland on the shores of Lake Champlain to create a model agricultural estate. They were assisted in the effort by two of the most prominent planners in the country: architect Robert H. Robertson and landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted, Sr. By 1902, Shelburne Farms encompassed a 3,800-acre farm dedicated to demonstrating innovative agricultural and land use practices, a hackney horse breeding enterprise and a grand family residence.

History of Shelburne Farms

Case Study: Rehab and Restoration: DRURY brick at Shelburne Farms, VT

Duffney Brick Co.

Mechanicville, NY
(1910 - 1926)
(thanks to Fred Rieck for this ID and to Jim Graves for researching the dates of operation)


City of Mechanicvile - The Brickyard

"By the turn of the century, the Hudson Valley had become the center of the brick industry, with Mechanicville one of the leading production sites. Within a decade, six new companies (the Cory, Halfmoon, Stuyvesant, Hudson Valley, and Duffney firms) opened kilns, taking advantage of the demand for building and paving bricks in New York, Boston, and other population centers easily accessible because of Mechanicville's rail and canal connections.

"Today, there are few vestiges of this once flourishing industry other than one of the original yards of the Champlain Brick Co. opened in 1897, and a water pipe connecting the city water mains with the old Ferris-Duffney yards dating back to the beginning of this century." (View Reference)

From The Mechanicville and Stillwater Directory, 1911:

Duffney Brick Co., New Road to Stillwater,
William H. Duffney, Mgr.
William H. Duffney, Jr., Supt.
Miles J. Duffney, Supt., Champlain Brick Co.
Article on Mechanicville Brick Industry

East Shore Brick Co.


Verplank's Point (Verplanck), NY
(1905 - 1910)

Visit Our Verplanck/Montrose/Georges's Island Page.

Eastern Paving Brick Co.

Catskill, NY
(1895 - 1901)

There had been a big polution problem arising from the smoke stacks that had the local people "smoking." The plant was shut down in about 1901 for reason the "market bottomed out"... for a period of about five years, resuming operation in about 1906. Air pollution continued, and so did people's complaints. The chimneys were subsequently heightened around 1910 in an attempt to mitigate the problem. By 1912 production declined again.(Thanks to Fred Rieck for this info.)

On July 29, 1899, NY Governor Theodore Roosevelt signed an order to "Abate Nuisance, Matter of Eastern Paving Brick Co." To see the complete order, Click Here.

Empire Brick Co.

Glasco, Newton Hook, and Stockport, NY,
8 machines at Glasco in 1910

(Found found at demolition site:
Pilgrim Psychiatric Center,
998 Crooked Hill Road,
West Brentwood, NY,
September, 2007
Thanks to Bill from St. James, NY for telling us about this location.)

George Hutton in The Great Hudson River Brick Industry, states that Empire was forced out of business before 1940 due to exhaustion of clay resources in the Stockport area. The plant had undergone a thorough modernization in 1926 including new overhead cranes to load brick onto river barges.

Excelsior Brick Company

George H. Smith, Ira M. Hedges, Everett Fowler and Uriah F. Washburn
Haverstraw, NY (1890) 13 machines

From: Portrait and Biographical Record of Rockland and Orange Counties New York, Chapman Publishing Co., 1895:

EVERETT FOWLER. The brick business is one of the principal industries of Rockland County, and the men who have engaged in it have almost invariably gained success. As a representative of this class mention should be made of Everett Fowler, who is superintendent of the Excelsior Brick Company and of D. Fowler & Son. The former concern has a capacity of sixteen million of brick and gives employment to eighty or ninety men, while the latter company employs seventy or eighty men, with a capacity in its output of twelve million.

In the village of Haverstraw, where he still resides, Mr. Fowler was born December 26, 1854, and in the schools of this place obtained a fair business education; he afterwards attended, and was graduated from, the Thirty-fifth Street Grammar School in New York. At the age of eighteen he became bookkeeper for his father, and three years later he began in business for himself, opening a brickyard near his present location. After four years there, in 1880, he became a member of the firm of D. Fowler & Son, and has since managed the valuable plant of this company. When the Excelsior yards were purchased, he became a partner in the enterprise, of which he is now superintendent. His entire attention from early youth has been devoted to the manufacture of brick, and he has been unusually successful in this occupation. He has made a study of the business, and at different times has visited nearly all the brickyards in the United States, gaining from a close observation of their methods practical ideas for the management of his own yards.

In April, 1880, Mr. Fowler married Miss Anna S. Denison, granddaughter of Major Suffern, and a daughter of P. and Anna (Suffern) Denison. Four children were born to our subject and wife: John E.; Catherine; Denison, who died at the age of four years; and Denton. Mrs. Fowler is a member of the Central Presbyterian Church, of which Dr. Freeman is pastor. In social circles Mr. Fowler is highly esteemed, and he is one of the active members of the Bicycle Club.


William F. Felter (?)

Haverstraw, NY (1876?)

In 1883, Felter Brothers owned a brickyard in Haverstraw and produced 14,000,000 brick with 9 machines, employing 100 men. They leased the land from Adam Lilburn.(History of Rockland County, J.B. Beers & Co., 1884)

Ferris Paving Brick Co.

Mechanicville, NY
(found in landfill, Kingston, NY)

See also Duffney Brick Co. & Joe Bleau (above).

Fiske & Co., Inc


Jonathan Parker B. Fiske,
Fiske & Co., Inc
1732 Flatiron Building,
New York, NY

"Promoters and Designers of Artistic Brickwork"
"Sole Manufacturers of Tapestry Brick"

(found at the Metro North RR Station, Yonkers, NY)

Fiske Tapestry Ad from 1910

Denton Fowler & Sons

D F & S

Haverstraw, NY (1880) 5 machines

In 1883, Denton Fowler & Sons owned a brickyard in Haverstraw and produced 9,300,000 brick with 5 machines, employing 80 men. They also owned the land.(History of Rockland County, J.B. Beers & Co., 1884)


Eugene Frost

Montrose, NY (1905)

Croton, NY (1905 - 1910)

At Croton, Eugene Frost also used the brand mark: EF.

Visit Our Verplanck/Montrose/Georges's Island Page.

M. B. & L. B. Gardner

(found in Hackensack, NJ by Ken Findlay, Findlay Landscaping LLC)

Hackensack, NJ (1901 - 1915)

Theodore F. Gardner

E. Kingston, NY
(found among KB&ICo (Dwyer Bros.) just north of Steep Rocks)

Theodore F. Gardner, Kingston, is listed on page 28 of
"New York State Mining and Quarry Industries" 1919-24
Thanks to Andy van der Poel for this ID!

Gardner, Gardner & Gardner


Goldrick, Goldrick, Goldrick

Haverstraw., NY (1877)
Ulster, NY (1922)
(found at Charles Rider Park, Ulster, NY)

In "Brick Brands of the United States" Jim Graves lists this as being Gardner, Gardner & Gardner but many G G G bricks have been found at or close to the site of the Goldrick Lower Yard. Thus we think the G's may stand for Philip, Thomas and Merton Goldrick.

The History of New York State Biographies, states: "In 1922 the name of the company was changed to that of Philip Goldrick & Sons, and Mr. Goldrick, who is the last survivor of the original brick manufacturers on the Hudson, continues as head of the concern, while his son, Thomas Goldrick, acts as production manager, and another son, Merton Goldrick, is in charge of sales and finance"

A comment from Fred Rieck: "Perhaps the GGG's were mixed in stock that was transported from Haverstraw to the Goldrick's Landing/Rider Park area when Goldrick moved his entire operation out of Haverstraw in 1906." For much more info see GOLDRICK (below).

Garner Brick Works, Garner & Co.

Haverstraw., NY
Garner operated Yard #17 in Haverstraw between 1903 and the late 1920s.
The brick census in 1910 lists them as having 6 machines in 1910
(found in NJ by Ken Findlay, Findlay Landscaping LLC)

Garner Clay Bank and Industrial Railroad
Garner Clay Bank and Industrial Railroad (1909)*

"The Garner yards extend along the river bank 740 ft. Not only is the Garner-yards' product of a high quality, but it is claimed that the brick at these yards are manufactured at a less cost, owing to the modern features of equipment. The two principal features are the oil-fuel system and the narrow-gage Kopple railway for conveying the raw material from the clay bank. This system includes nearly 5.000 ft. of track, 20-lb. rail being used. By means of turntables, cars can be cut out from the main track, switched off and emptied directly into the pit. The cars are of steel and each holds 36 cu. ft. They weigh when empty 900 lbs. each, and when tilled some 6,300 lbs., so that a train of three full cars would have a weight of about 19,000 lbs. Gravity is used for handling them to a large extent. It is estimated that each of these trains would represent the work of four mules and four men, or a saving of about 70 per cent in the cost of transportation.

"The clay of the Garner yards is of a high quality and is taken from a bank 40 ft. in height, on which is an overburden of about 10 ft. in thickness. It is calculated that the clay deposit will last these yards for another century The output of the Garner yards is over 20 million brick per year.

"In the use of oil for burning, the Garner yards have taken a very progressive step in brick manufacture, and they have found the innovation of great economy and value. A tank on the river bank, holding 47,000 gals, of crude oil. is kept filled by the Standard Oil Co., who pump the oil into it from barges provided for the purpose. In burning the oil a small quantity of soft coal is used to start the fire, and the oil fuel is then introduced into the arches. in the form of a vapor, by means of a Sturtevant blower. These yards have been using oil for fuel since 1898, which ought to be proof of the success of this method."*

*FROM: BRICK, A Monthly Record of the World's Progress in Clayworking, JANUARY, 1910 Number 1, PUBLISHED BY Kenjield-Leach Co., 45-47 Plymouth Court, Chicago

Glen-Gery Brick


Wyomissing, Pennsylvania (1890)
Still in business today

About Glen-Gery
History of Glen-Gery

Glen-Gery Brick Co

Philip Goldrick

Grassy Point (Haverstraw., NY) (1887), Kingston (Ulster), NY (1906),
Saugerties, NY (5 machines in 1910)

(found at Charles Rider Park, Ulster, NY just south of where Goldrick's Landing was located)

=In 1883, Mally & Goldrick operated a Yard #38 in Haverstraw and produced 4,600,000 brick with 2 machines, employing 40 men. They leased the land from Adam Liburn.
(History of Rockland County, J.B. Beers & Co., 1884)

=In 1887 Philip Goldrick operated Yard #39 in Haverstraw. Yard #38 was operated by Johnson & Meyers and Clark & Goldrick.
In 1896 Philip Goldrick operated Yard #10 which was owned by M.A. Archer.
(Source: Haverstraw Brick Museum)

=On Jan 17, 1903 a brick census (inventory) was taken in the Haverstraw area and Philip Goldrick had 30 Arches with 1,400,000 brick on hand.
(Rockland County Messenger, Jan 22, 1903)

=Goldrick was patentee of a Roof for Drying Sheds

=From: The History of New York State Biographies, Part 12
Editor, Dr. James Sullivan, Online Edition by Holice, Deb & Pam:

A leader in the commercial and civic life of Kingston and vicinity, Philip Goldrick is one of the pioneer manufacturers who inaugurated the industry of brick-making in the Hudson River Valley, an industry which has been one of the principal factors in the material development of this district. Mr. Goldrick removed his entire organization to Kingston in 1906, and established the thriving settlement of Goldrick's Landing (town of Ulster), erecting his factories and brickyards, which produce thirty million bricks per year. He built homes accommodating two hundred and fifty employees, all houses of the most modern and improved design and equipment, opened mercantile stores and built a beautiful and impressive Roman Catholic church; in every conceivable manner, taking the deepest interest in the welfare and progress of his employees and the residents of the locality. His remarkable planning and foresight have made this a model community, whose inhabitants are noted for their industrious qualities and the intelligent and active interest which they display in issues concerning town or commonwealth.

Mr. Goldrick was born in Haverstraw, October 22, 1850, son of John and Rose Goldrick, both of whom were born and married in Ireland. John Goldrick came to the United States early in life and became superintendent of construction in the employ of some of the large brick factories of this section.

Philip Goldrick was educated in the public schools of Stony Point, and after the completion of his formal education, followed in his father's footsteps and entered the brick business in which he has been continuously engaged ever since. his thorough attention to all the details of this industry and his keen perception and expert managerial ability caused him to succeed from the first, and in 1880, he established brickyards in Rockland County, on Haverstraw Bay, operating this large enterprise with a production of twelve million bricks annually. The business continued at that location for many years, giving employment to a great number of people in the vicinity, but in 1906, owing to the diminishing clay deposits, Mr. Goldrick moved the entire plant to Kingston and proceeded to develop the settlement which bears his name. In 1922 the name of the company was changed to that of Philip Goldrick & Sons, and Mr. Goldrick, who is the last survivor of the original brick manufacturers on the Hudson, continues as head of the concern, while his son, Thomas Goldrick, acts as production manager, and another son, Merton Goldrick, is in charge of sales and finance. The organization ships brick by barges to New York City, maintaining its own fleet of boats, and for many years has been the largest individual manufacturer in the valley, producing red building brick exclusively. Mr. Goldrick is active in all civic and social affairs, and is a leading member of Kingston Lodge, No. 675, Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. His religious adherence is given to the Roman Catholic church.

Philip Goldrick married, January 14, 1877, at Stony Point, Cecelia Brennan, born at Tompkins Cove, daughter of Murtha and Mary Brennan, and to this union were born seven children. Two died in infancy, and the others are: 1. Philip R., the oldest son, who died in 1906. 2. John, who died in 1918; married Joan Dwyer, of Kingston, and had one daughter, Nan. 3. Rose L. Lewis, who died in 1924; she had two children, Rose Cecile and Margery. 4. Thomas Francis, born April 9, 1886, at Haverstraw, graduated from Haverstraw High School, became associated with his father in the brick business, and is now production manager of the partnership; he married Jane Keating, of Kingston, daughter of John J,. Keating; he is a fourth degree Knights of Columbus, member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, No. 675, Kingston, and of the Kingston Club, 5. Merton L., born December 11, 1890, at Haverstraw; graduated from Haverstraw High School, and Spencer's business college, later entering Packard's College, New York City, where he studied banking and finance; entered the brick business as a youth and as paymaster of his father's firm at the age of eighteen; is a director of Rondout National Bank; director Kingston Rotary Club, director New York District Common Brick Association, and is a member of the American Legion, Knights of Columbus, Kingston Club, the Palenville Country Club; he finds great recreation in outdoor sports, among which golf is his favorite, while he is an expert sailor and yachtsman."

Gladfelter & Gladfelter

G & G
Athens, NY

(found by Bill in St. James, NY)

From the Tax Assesment records for Athens, NY for the year 1930:
"Gladfelter Brick Co.: brickyard, dock & land, Washington street, 45 acres. Assessment:$15000"

In The Clayworker, Vol. 51-52, 1909 we find this note:
"The Vulcan Brick Co. of Athens, N.Y. has been incorporated with $60,000 of capital stock. The incorporators are: O. B. Gladfelter, Wm. O'Donnell and John J. Mangan, all of New York City."

Gormley Brick Company
Matthew Gormley

Haverstraw, NY (1895)
Verplanck/Montrose (George's Island), NY (1905) 7 machines

From The New York Times Archives, Published: June 8, 1989:

"Matthew J. Gormley, a former brick manufacturer, died May 25 at his son's home in Garnerville, N.Y. He was 86 years old and lived in Haverstraw, N.Y.

Mr. Gormley, a graduate of Fordham Preparatory School in the Bronx, was general manager of the Gormley Brick Yards and was one of the last of the Haverstraw brick makers. His bricks were used in the construction of the state prison at Ossining, N.Y., as well as the buildings at Graymoor, the Roman Catholic institution in Garrison, N.Y.

The last shipment of Gormley bricks was sent to New York City by boat on April 13, 1938. Mr. Gormley then became a general contractor for the Army during the construction of Camp Shanks, at Orangeburg, N.Y., a major point of embarkation for troops during World War II.

He is survived by his wife, Gertrude; two sons, Matthew, of Arlington, Va., and Thomas, of Garnerville, and five grandchildren."

For More Info and Photos, Visit Our Verplanck/Montrose/Georges's Island Page.

Gormley & Son

Dutchess Junction, NY(?)
(found in landfill along Rte 9W, Milton, NY)

William H. Haight

Poughkeepsie, NY (1900)
(found in landfill along Rte 9W, Milton, NY)

Notes from Fred Rieck--
William H. Haight first appeared in Poughkeepsie City Directories in 1888 as a proprietor of a livery business at 21 Catharine St. His residence: 295 Mill St. In 1890 "sheds" appears as a business item along with livery and stables.

1900 directory indicates ... boarding and sale of horses a specialty, also farmers sheds, (and) Brickyard: 21 Catharine St. In the 1903-04 directory, he is no longer listed as having a brick affiliation The 1906-07 directory indicates an Ellsworth Craft is occupying the 21 Catharine St. address. Haight residing at 48 Academy.

I never found a specific location for Haight's brickyard although I suspect it was somewhere around "Brick Yard Hill" in what is now Arlington. There is a Haight Ave. in that vicinity where Rts 44 and 55 diverge.

There were three (3) William H. Haights in Poughkeepsie after Haight the bricker and liveryman moved in. Those other Haights were machinists - father and son Haight weren't in the brick business very long.

There were a couple of pallets of used HAIGHTS between buildings between Main and Mill Sts. which may have fallen off a building wall in that area. These bldgs have been knocked down. None of the HAIGHT brick I've seen ever had a nice surface finish. Letters all were more difficult to read.


Webmaster Notes--
Other Poughkeepsie brickyards included: Otis Allen & George H. Terwilliger (A & T); Isaac P. Flagler & Otis Allen (F & A); Allen, Townsend & Mack (A T & M); Norton I. Pennock (NIP, PENNOCK); Poughkeepsie Brick Corp (PB CORP); Hyland R Rose (HRR); Towey Brick Co (TOWEY); and WN Wetterau (WETTARAU).

Poughkeepsie, NY is rich in history. One of its notable citizens was Matthew Vassar who founded Vassar College in 1861.

The Vassar Family emigrated from England to America in 1796 and established a farm in the Poughkeepsie area, overlooking the Hudson River. James Vassar made the transition from farming to running family businesses in the early 1800’s, founding a brickyard on their property and soon thereafter starting a brewery operation. He and his wife had two sons who grew up in the family businesses.

In 1836 Matthew Vassar "commissioned a new waterfront brewery, which became the largest in the United States at the time, measuring 200 by 50 feet and producing 50,000 barrels of beer each year. While many businesses suffered during the 1837 depression, M. Vassar & Co. flourished due to an ongoing demand for ale. He also ran a brickyard which manufactured "large and beautiful pressed bricks" known as "Poughkeepsie Stretchers."

Matthew Jr.’s widow, Irene Beech Vassar, inspired by Florence Nightingale, a well-known reformist nurse in Great Britain, set out to find a location for a new hospital and chose a piece of property on what was then the outskirts of Poughkeepsie. The 14-acre property had a perfect view of the river, pleasant grounds and therapeutic breezes -- perfect for patients and their recovery. Vassar Brothers Hospital opened its doors on April 11, 1887. The main building component was, of course, Vassar bricks.

Sources: Vassar Encyclopedia

William K. Hammond


Dutchess Junction, NY (1905) 3 machines

(found here at the brickyard site)

From the 1840s to 1930, there were several flourishing at the small community of Dutchess Junction where the Newburgh, Dutchess and Connecticut Railroad intersected with the Hudson River Railroad.

For our Special Section on DUTCHESS JUNCTION Click Here.

Hammond & Freeman

H & F
Dutchess Junction, NY (1911) 4 machines

Hanrahan Brick & Ice Co.

Ulster Landing, NY

From 1928: The History of New York State Biographies, Part 12
Editor, Dr. James Sullivan. Online Edition by Holice, Deb & Pam:

"James F. Dwyer, son of Denis and Johanna (O'Brien) Dwyer, was born in Kingston, May 26, 1859, and received his education in the public schools of Kingston, which, however, he left while quite a young lad, and engaged in the boating business on the canals, lakes and rivers of New York and other States. In 1887 he and his brother, Robert J. Dwyer, established a ship chandler's store in West Strand, where, in addition to the handling of ships' supplies, they also built boats, mostly barges and scows many of which operated themselves. Of both branches of the business Mr. Dwyer has been half owner since the death of his brother in 1925. The concern was incorporated in that year, just before the death of the brother, under the name of Dwyer Brothers, Incorporated, and at the present time (1928) they are also operators and owners of the following industries: The R. Lenahan Company, boat and barge builders; the Kingston Brick & Ice Company; Wilbur Sand Company; Hanrahan Brick & Ice Company; Dwyer Brothers Ship Chandlery, and the Arrow Ice Company.

James F. Dwyer owns and operates fifty barges on the Hudson River and in New York Harbor. He is principally engaged in freighting cement from Hudson River points to New York City, and in this branch of his varied interests he is meeting with substantial success. In financial circle in Kingston, Mr. Dwyer is active and influential. He has been president of the Rondout National Bank since 1924, and a member of its board of directors for the past twenty years."

Heitlinger & Company
Hackensack Brick Company

Haverstraw, NY (1899)
Hackensack, NJ (c.1900)

Hudson Pressed Brick Company (?)

Hudson, NY

This may have been a brand of the Greenport Brick Corp. which operated in the area this brick was found. According to IBCA's Jim Graves, Greenport made bricks between 1920 and 1930.

Hudson River Brick Company

Grassy Point (Haverstraw), NY (1920) 26 machines

Patrick Hunt

H & F
Rosavilla, NY (1875)

(found at the Van Cortlandt House Museum, Bronx, NY)

Hutton Brick Company


William Hutton, East Kingston, NY (1891) 14 machines
(found at the brickyard site, now Kingston Point Beach)
(also found lining the cement kilns in Rosendale, NY)

For our Special HUTTON Page Click the Brick.

Juan Jacinto Jova



Danskammer Point, Roseton, NY (1884)
(1/4 mi. north of Rose Brick Co.)

(Pic#1: taken in 2007 of a brick in a sidewalk at Provincetown, Cape Cod, MA
Pic#2: donated by Bill of St. James, NY
Pic#3: from our collection and was found in Chester, NY)

In the late 1800s, Juan Jacinto Jova (J J J) came from Cuba to New York City as a sugar broker, then moved up the Hudson River to Roseton, NY, where he had hoped to raise sugar cane. When that venture failed, he built a brick plant. Jova bought a large Greek revival granite mansion (Danskammer) from David Maitland Armstrong (who ran the ARROW Brick Co.) then tore it down to get the clay on which it stood. The grand pillars that supported the veranda of the house now stand in the sculpture garden of the Storm King Art Center in Cornwall-on-Hudson, N.Y."

There's a lot more to the Jova story:

In conjunction with our sister-site we have completed a new webpage:


Here you will find a compilation of our research on the brickyards in this area:


Jova Brick Works


Henry J. & Edward A. Jova
Roseton, NY (1900) 14 machines
(found in Pelham Manor, NY)

Jova Manufacturing Company

East Kingston, NY (1965)

According to George Hutton in The Great Hudson River Brick Industry, JMC was the brand used for Jova brick made after the Jova Company bought out the Hutton plant in East Kingston in 1965. (The HUTTON brand was retained for a premium line of brick.)

Michael Kane Brick Company

New Park Avenue
Hartford, CT (1872 - 1926)

654 Newfield St.
Middletown, CT (1948 - 1989)

(found in High Falls, NY behind lock-tenders cottage on the D+H Canal)

Webmaster Note: in February, 2008, we received this email from Mark Falco:
"I worked summers at the Michael Kane Brick Company of Middletown, Ct. during the late 60's and early 70's while going to college, We used the stove kiln system pictured in your site. The yard was "modernized" with modern dryers, but the ancient technology, the old clay stamping machine and the drying racks remained on site. The wire-cut bricks eventually put the company out of business. I was always impressed by the number of job titles associated with the process from clay bank to shipping the loaded product. There is nothing to compare with the colors and textures from the wood-fired brick."

From BRICK AND CLAY RECORD, August 8, 1922:
"Michael Kane brick manufacturer No 190, New Park Avenue, Hartford, Conn., contemplates the opening of a new plant on Prospect Avenue, West Hartford where he has an 80 acre tract. The new plant, if opened in the fall, will include modern equipment. Much difficulty is now encountered obtaining labor despite the business depression. The old yard is being worked to capacity and it is hoped to exceed the production of last season when 4,500.000 brick were made."

From The Hartford Courant, February 07, 2010:
"Paul K. Smith (also fondly known as ``P. K.'' or ``Guy''), 97, of Glastonbury died February 5 in Rocky Hill. Paul, a long-time Glastonbury resident, was the husband of the late Mary Jane Hagan Smith and the late Katharine Lankes Smith. He was born at Crescent Beach in Niantic, Connecticut on August 13, 1912 to Bernard J. and Margaret Kane Smith of Hartford. As a youngster he worked with members of his family at the Michael Kane Brick Company on New Park Avenue and joined Pratt & Whitney Aircraft in 1936."

King Brick Company

Ulster Landing, NY
(found in landfill along Rte 9W, Milton, NY
also found at Charles Rider Park, Ulster, NY)

Kingston Brick & Ice Company

Ulster Landing, NY
(found in landfill in Kingston, NY

Owned by Dwyer Brothers, Incorporated. In 1928 they were also operators and owners of: The R. Lenahan Company, boat and barge builders; Wilbur Sand Company; Hanrahan Brick & Ice Company (see above); Dwyer Brothers Ship Chandlery, and the Arrow Ice Company.

Kreischer Brick Manufacturing Company

Kreischerville (Charleston, Staten Island), NY

There were several firms in New York City that took advantage of the nearby deposits of fire clay and manufactured both clay retorts and fire bricks. In 1845 Balthazar Kreischer established a fire-brick works in Manhattan, later known as the New York Fire Brick and Clay Retort Works; Kreischer acquired a fire-clay deposit on Staten Island in 1852 and established a works there which eventually replaced the Manhattan factory (his son's house, the Charles Kreischer House and the workers' houses for the company, the Kreischerville Worker's Houses are both designated New York City Landmarks).

Kreischerville Map; Photos of Kreischerville mansion and streets paved with KREISCHER brick
The above thanks to: This is a wonderful website. Be sure to check it out.

Kreischerville Workers' Houses

The Development of Kreischerville
(from the 1994 NYCLPC Landmark Designation Report)


The brick manufacturing firm that would later become B. Kreischer & Sons was founded by Balthazar Kreischer (1813-1886) in 1845. Kreischer was born in Bavaria and came to New York City in 1836, where he worked for a period as a mason. In the early 1850s, Kreischer was one of the first in the United States to produce fire brick, a fire resistant brick used in many industrial buildings. In 1853, Kreischer became aware of refractory clay deposits in Westfield, Staten Island. He acquired several tracts with clay deposits and purchased the rights to mine clay on nearby land. Two years later he established a brickworks on the Arthur Kill. As the factory expanded, the area became known as Kreisherville. By the time of Kreischer's retirement in 1878, the company had become a major producer of building materials in the metropolitan area. Kreischer's sons continued the firm, but financial problems forced them to sell the company in 1899.

Peter Androvette, who owned a number of shipping concerns in the metropolitan area, including the operation that handled raw and finished materials for Kreischer, acquired B. Kreischer & Sons at foreclosure, reincorporating the company as the Kreischer Brick Manufacturing Company in 1902. This ushered in the company's heyday during the early twentieth century when it produced brick of all colors and types, along with ornamental terra cotta. The company's products were used by architects and builders throughout the East and Midwest. The company's prominence declined after the First World War, and the factory was closed in 1927.

One of Kreischer's specialties was smokestack bricks, which were molded into trapezoidal shapes that produced circular stacks when laid side by side. This type of brick was used creatively in Ridgewood (Queens, NY) to create the curved bays that characterize many of its rows, including those in the Stockholm Street Historic District. Most of the Kreischer brick used in Ridgewood, including the Stockholm Street Historic District, is iron-speckled brick with smooth surfaces, laid with tight, flush joints. Also called iron-spot bricks, they were produced by adding manganese in a finely granular form. Rock-faced brick, also manufactured by Kreischer, was used in Ridgewood for details such as bandcourses and lintels.

Builders in Ridgewood used Kreischer brick consistently until the First World War; after that, they used wire-cut bricks produced at factories in Pennsylvania. These bricks had rough surfaces and were laid with raked joints, producing a very different appearance.

(from The NYC Landmarks Preservation Commission)


And an article from our favorite archives at The New York Times dated November 24, 1892

William Lahey

Fishkill, NY (1889)
Newburgh,, NY (1910) 7 machines


Lenox Brick Company

Cliffwood, NJ

Found in the remains of the Boyce Thompson Institute, Yonkers, NY

William Boyce Thompson, who acquired wealth in the copper mining industry, visited Russia in 1917 where he saw the effects of hunger on its inhabitants. This trip persuaded Thompson of the importance of ensuring food supply for the world population, and in 1920, he decided to establish the Institute for Plant Research across the street from his country estate Alder Manor, in Yonkers, NY. Over the years, Yonkers property taxes and urban pollution began to pose major problems. In 1978 the Institute moved to the campus of Cornell University. Plans to use the Yonkers site for a department store, office complex, low-income housing, a museum and a school have all failed. The brick buildings and greenhouses remain vacant today. NOTE: CBCo brick (Champlain Brick Co of Mechanicville, NY) were also found at this location as well as at Alder Manor (where this writer/Webmaster was married).


The IBCA's Jim Graves, citing the "Industrial Directory of New Jersey," indicates Lenox Brick was located in Cliffwood, NJ and its listing appeared in the 1909 and 1915 editions.


From The Matawan Journal, Jan. 14, 1909:

"The Lenox Brick Company of Cliffwood, through George Craigen of Keyport, asked the committee to take some action relative to defining the road from the New York and Long Branch railroad near Cliffwood to Whale Creek. The road passes through the Gehlhaus property and north of the road from Keyport to South Amboy it is said to have been changed by reason of the excavation of clay for brickmaking purposes."

From The Matawan Journal, Dec. 30, 1909:

"The traction engine and two cars of the Lenox Brick Company were reported having become stalled on the public road near John F. Selover’s at Cliffwood last Friday and that it was difficult for wagons to pass them. After some discussion it was decided to have Road Superintendent Harvey Stillwaggon notify the company to remove the obstruction as soon as possible."


"Aberdeen Township Street Names" states Lenox Road was named for the Lenox Brick Company. The road was laid out in July, 1914 on a map of Keyport Heights.

Robert Lent

Coeymans, NY (1904-1920)

ROBERT LENT was born at Glasco, N. Y. on November 22, 1892, He came from a family of brickmakers.

His grandfather ROBERT LENT was born at Highland Mills, Orange County, N. Y. on May 3, 1828 and was a brick manufacturer at Glasco, Ulster County, N. Y. He married Catherine Conklin, of Orange County, N. Y., November 20, 1852, at Matteawan, NY.

DAVIS CALEB LENT was born at Naugatuck, New Haven Co., CT on Oct. 31, 1854, He was manager of the Denning's Point Brick Works. Mr. Lent was the first to burn brick with anthracite coal, which was done on his father's yard at Glasco. He had thorough business abilities, and was one who understood the brick making industry in all its details perfectly. He was married to Mary E. Seaman, of Ulster County, N. Y.,

JOHN WRIGHT LENT was born at Naugatuck, New Haven, Co., CT, on March 9, 1859. He was manager of his father's brick making business at Glasco, N. Y.

WILLIAM LEWIS LENT, born at Naugatuck, New Haven Co., CT on August 20, 1863, was engineer for the Denning's Point Brick Works. He married Mary E. Felter, of Ulster County, N. Y.

SOURCE: "History of the Lent family in the United States, genealogical and biographical," 1903, by Nelson Burton Lent.
Newburgh, N.Y., Newburgh Journal Printing House and Bookbindery, May 1, 1903.

1891 Beers Map
showing Glasco and surrounding brickyard owners including:

Mrs R. LENT,
WASHBURN Brothers,
W. M. Maginnis,
Henry Corse Jr.,
and Porter (at Porterville) (later leased by MAYONE)

Read more about Glasco, NY

A. M. Lowe

New Paltz, NY (1899)
(found in landfill along Rte 9W, Milton, NY)

From: Village of New Paltz Reconnaissance-Level Survey III:

"We have been informed that a brickyard will be opened in this village soon near the Wallkill on S. Water St.

Village Hall to be built of brick of 'home manufacture.'

Bricks were manufactured in New Paltz as early as the 1830s, possibly earlier. According to early sources, the Reformed Church on Huguenot Street, built in 1839, was constructed of local brick. It is certain that Eaton Van Wagenen established a brick yard in 1869 on the West side of North Chestnut Street between Academy Street and Front Street.

A.M. Low (LOWE) operated a brickyard south of the village on Plains Road from the 1880s to 1906. In 1906 a group of local businessmen bought out Mr. Low, purchasing his property, as well as Andries LeFevre’s adjoining farm. They organized the Lowe Brick Company which operated successfully until 1928. Among the buildings still standing and known to have been constructed of local brick are the Academy Theatre [Village Hall] in 1863, the Van Vlack Pharmacy building in the 1880s and "Old Main" on the SUNY campus in 1909.

Within a short time past the editor of the Independent has visited Kingston, Newburgh and Poughkeepsie, and passed through Marlborough, Rosendale, Highland and other villages in the vicinity. In none of those places was there as much evidence of life and animation as at New Paltz. In none of them was there as much new building to be seen in going through the main streets as is to be observed in New Paltz. And in no other place did so large a proportion of the buildings appear to have been erected in the past few years.

We must observe too that the buildings lately erected and those now in progress in this place are to a great extent fine appearing and tasteful. It has been freelypredicted that the boom must soon come to an end, because New Paltz has no factories, but somehow the determination to put up new houses does not seem to grow less. It is partly because New Paltz is such a delightful place of residences and partly because taxes are going to be so light here after this year, when the last of the town bonds are paid, and partly because of the growth of the patronage of the mountain houses and partly because of the increased number in the fruit business, and partly because of such new enterprises as the brickyard and creamery, but of course, the principal cause of the prosperity of the place is the Normal School, and when the new building is erected we may expect a continued steady growth of the place.

Telephone installed in Normal School. "Rural Avenue" [Plains Road]. On this thoroughfare which leads from our village are many pleasant places, with scenery pleasing to the eye, all the way to Ireland Corners. First Maple Lawn, the home of the C. Wurts family, then the brickyard of A.M. Low, who employs from fifteen to twenty men and boys during the season;

New Paltz Brick Co. (A.M. Low) manufactured 1 million bricks, 170,000sent to Kingston; 120,000 for the stack of Doremus Cement Mill, Whiteport;some shipped to Montgomery; 2 car loads to Walden; 75,000 ordered for cement mill in Binnewater.

About fifteen years ago our village had quite a building boom for several years at a time when in the country at large there was a general depression inbusiness. Now at another time when there is general dullness in business, New Paltz is having quite a large number of new buildings put up. The building boom at the first time spoken of was on account of the establishment of the Normal school here. The present boom is for several reasons: the new Normal school building; the building of the New York aqueduct and the presence of a large number of engineers; the growth of the summer boarding business; the brick yard giving employment to a large number of hands; the transportation of excursions to and from Mohonk."

Lynch Bros.

Ulster Landing (East Kingston), NY (5 machines in 1910)

Patrick Lynch operated Yard #4 (owned by Daniel DeNoyelles) in Haverstraw from 1887 to 1896. The Lynch Brothers operated this yard in 1903. In 1910, O'Brien and Lynch operated Yard #11 and John Lynch worked Yard #22. In Within These Gates Daniel deNoyelles lists the Lynch Brothers operating 5 machines in "the Kingston district" in 1910. This brick was found along the west Hudson shore near Ulster Landing at what may have been the brickyard site.

Patrick J. Lynch & O'Brien

Haverstraw., NY
(1902 - 1910)

In 1910, O'Brien and Lynch operated Yard #11 in Haverstraw. See also OBRIEN. is a service of
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